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|Who are some black mathematicians?|
Basically I mean who are some black people that were experts in math? I'm doing this for an extra credit project at school. I'm deperate----Please help! If possible please don't just give me one answer....Thanks---- I appreciate it!
|Newton after rolling around in some Mud, haha - just jokes|
there are many famous Indian Mathematicians
Google 'Indian Mathematicians'
Not black - but brown; I'm not being racist, I just can't think of any 'black' mathematicians.
|Through out history, how many black Rocket scientist and mathematicians have there been?|
I'm doing a project for summer school and would like to know. Have there been any major discoveries by them?
|A Modern History of Blacks in Mathematics|
On this web page we consider a contemporary history of Blacks in Mathematics, not Who are the greatest Black Mathematicians?
Benjamin Banneker (1731-1806) is often recognized as the first African American mathematician; however, ex-slave Thomas Fuller's (1710-1790) and the Nigerian Muhammad ibn Muhammad's (16??-1741) activities predate Benjamin Banneker. None of these men had formal degrees.
1849 Charles Reason (1814-1893) was probably the first African American to receive a faculty position in mathematics at a predominantly white institution - Central College in Cortland County, New York.
1862 Yale University becomes the first United States of America institution to award a Ph.D. in mathematics.
1878 The first African American to earn a Ph.D. in Science was Edward Alexander Bouchet (Physics - Yale University) and only the sixth American to possess a Ph.D. in Physics. For the history of African Americans in Physics, see [A Timeline of African American Physicists].
1886 Kelly Miller was the first African American to study graduate mathematics (Johns Hopkins University), the first American University, to offer a program in graduate mathematics.
From 1923 to 1947, 12 Blacks earned a Ph.D. in Mathematics.
1923 The first African to earn a Ph.D. was Ali Mostafa Mosharafa, of Egypt, who received his Ph.D. (1923) and D.Sc. (1924) from the University of London in 1923 and 1924.
1925 The first african american to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics (Cornell University) was Elbert Frank Cox. There were 28 Ph.D.'s awarded in the United States that year. However, nearly 20 years would pass before the first african american Women would earn a Ph.D.
1928 Dudley Weldon Woodard becomes the second african american to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics (University of Pennsylvania).
1929 The first research paper published in an acredited mathematics journal by an african american. Dudley Woodard's On two dimensional analysis situs with special reference to the Jordan Curve Theorem, Fundamenta Mathematicae 13 (1929), 121-145.
1933 William Schieffelin Claytor becomes the third african american to earn a a Ph.D. in Mathematics (University of Pennsylvania). Dr. Claytor's struggle to earn recognition in the mathematical world was quite typical prior to 1970. You can read about it in his profile.
1934 Walter R. Talbot becomes the fourth african american to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics (University of Pittsburgh). The first African American publication in a top research journal was William W. S. Claytor's Topological Immersian of Peanian Continua in a Spherical Surface, Annals of Mathematics 35 (1934), 809-835. Here is a page from another of Claytor's papers. Claytor was thought have extraordinary promise as a mathematician; however, racism took its toll on his success.
1938 Ruben R. McDaniel (Cornell University) and Joesph Pierce (University of Michigan) are the fifth and sixth African Americans to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics
1941 At the age of 22, David Blackwell becomes the seventh african american to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics (University of Illinois). He may well be the greatest black Mathematician.
1942 At age 19, J. Ernest Wilkins becomes the eithth african american to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics (University of Chicago). He is certainly one of the greatest black Mathematicians.
From 1943 to 1969, thirteen african american women earn the Ph.D. in Mathematics.
1943 Euphemia Lofton Haynes (Catholic University), the first african american woman, and Clarence F. Stephens (University of Michigan) become the ninth and tenth african americans to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics.
See our web page Black Women in Mathematics for a chronology of the first 20 Black women Ph.D.'s. Also an ongoing effort, a chronology of all African Americans is under construction at Timeline of African American Ph.D.'s in Mathematics.
1944 The eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth african americans earned a Ph.D. this year. Joseph J. Dennis earned a Ph.D. in Mathematics (Northwestern University). Wade Ellis and Warren Hill Brothers both earned a Ph.D. in Mathematics (University of Michigan).
1945 Jeremiah Certaine was the fourteenth african american to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics (University of Michigan). At this time half of all African American Ph.D.'s in Mathematics were earned by students of the University of Michigan.
1947 The earliest record of a Mathematics Ph. D. by an African appears to be Ghanaian A. M. Taylor (Oxford University, we think in 1947).
According to a 1951 letter from the AMS (the American Mathematics Society) to Lee Lorch, "when the Society met at the University of Georgia in 1947, not one ***** was present." This is false, J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr. had asked to participate; however, he received a letter from the AMS Associate Secretary for the Southeastern region urging him to come and saying that very satisfactory arrangements had been made with which they were sure he'd be pleased: they had found a ``nice colored family" with whom he could stay and where he would take his meals! The hospitality of the University of Georgia (and of the AMS) was not for him. This is why the meeting there was totally white.
1949 The fourteenth african american and the second african american Woman to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics was Evelyn Boyd Granville (Yale University).
1950 The third African American Women and fifteenth African american to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics was Marjorie Lee Browne (University of Michigan). George H. Butcher is the sixteenth african american to earn the Ph.D. (University of Pennsylvania). The Nigerian Chike Obi is the second African to earn the Ph.D. in Mathematics.
1951 The American Mathematics Society sold its library to the University of Georgia, which was the highest of six bidders. A careful search of AMS records does not disclose any assurances given --- or even sought --- that all AMS members, regardless of race, would be able to use it. This was at a time of intense segregation mandated by Georgia state law. (At the other four U.S. institutions bidding, access would not have been a problem.)
1953 Luna I. Mishoe is the seventeenth african american to earn the Ph.D. (New York University).
1954 David Blackwell becomes the first African American to hold a permanent position at major university (university of California at Berkley). Charles Bell is the eighteenth african american to earn the Ph.D. (University of Notre Dame).
1955 Adegoke Olubummo (King's College, University of Durham in Castle-Upon-Tyne, United Kingdom) is the third African to earn a Ph. D. in Mathematics. Vincent McRea (Catholic University) and Lonnie Cross (Cornell University) are the ninteenth and twentieth african american to earn the Ph.D. in Mathematics.
1956 The Soviet Union launched the first satellite to orbit the Earth. The United States reaction by pouring enormous funds in to basic research. As a result, many African American students of the late 1950's and the 1960's were able to study mathematics at a level not possible before (see Raymond L. Johnson). Lloyd K. Williams is the twenty-first african american to earn the Ph.D. in Mathematics. Also in 1956, Gloria Ford Gilmer is the first african american woman to publish a non-Ph.D.-thesis mathematics research paper (with Luna I. Mishoe) and this is the first paper publishd joint mathematics research between two Black co-authors.
1957 Eugene A. Graham earns a Ph.D. from the University of Turin in Italy. This appears to be the first instance of an African American earning a Mathematics Ph.D. outside the U.S.
1960 second paper published joint mathematics research between two Black co-authors, Charles Bell and David Blackwell: Bell, C. B.; Blackwell, David; Breiman, Leo On the completeness of order statistics . Ann. Math. Statist. 31 1960 794--797.
1961 Lonnie Cross shocked the african american and mathematics community by changing his name to Abdulalim Shabbazz, and becoming the first African American scientist to embrace the followers of Elijah Mohammed, the leader of the African American Moslem community.
1963 Grace Lele Williams became the first Nigerian woman to earn any doctorate when she got her Ph.D. in Mathematics (University of Chicago).
1964 This year David Blackwell became the first african american mathematician to Chair a department (Statistics) at a major university University of California-Berkeley. Elsewhere, under the direction of Clarence Stephens (using the The Morgan-Potsdam Model of teaching and learning mathematics) and Walter Talbot, Morgan State University (then College) became the first institution to have three african americans of the same graduating class who would eventually go on to obtain a Ph.D. in Mathematics. This record still stands among all universities and colleges.
1965 David Blackwell became the first african american named to The National Academy of Sciences.
1968 From 1968 to 1969: Percy A. Pierre was White House Fellow for the Executive Office of the President of the United States
1969 Clarence Ellis is the first African American to earn a Computer Science Ph.D. (University of Illinois, 1969). At the January 1969 Annual Meeting of The American Mathematics Society, then mathematics graduate students Johnny Houston and Scott Williams called together a group of African American mathematicians. This group begat an adhoc organization, Black and Third World Mathematicians, which, in 1971, changed its name to The National Association of Mathematicians (NAM). In 1969, the Balamp Company publishes the book Negroes in Science- Natural Science Doctorates by James M. Jay.
1972 The first Kenyan African to become Full Professor of Mathematics was Morris Sika Alala, (at the University of Nairobi).
1974 J. Ernest Wilkins, jr. became President of the American Nu
|Well im doing this project for school, and i need to know if any of you know any black mathematicians?|
dosent matter if its boy or girl. i just been looking for HOURS and nothing yet..
|Yeah, there's a few I know:|
Elbert Frank Cox
Clarence F. Stephens
J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr.
You can get information on each of these people at www.en.wikipedia.org. Type in their name in the search box, and you'll get everything you want about them. Good Luck!
|Does anyone know a famous Black Mathematician?|
I need to know their backgroung info(guyhood, family, early education, interests, hobbies, etc) The the date of birth of mathematician. how they were motivated towards mathematics and their fame. Their achievement, or accmplishment. Any contributions to other fields or careers. Any other important info that should be included that would set my famous mathematician apart from the rest.
|In 1965 David Blackwell became the first African American named to the National Academy of Sciences (he is still the only Black mathematician to be so honoured).|
Check out the link below.
|A famous black or Hispanic mathematician?|
Who is a famous mathematician who is black or hispanic? HE MUST BE FAMOUS FOR SOMETHING LIKE CREATING OR INVENTING OR IMPROVING ON A SUBJECT
Its for a report.
|Famous Hispanic mathematician|
José Ádem - was a Mexican mathematician who worked in algebraic topology, and discovered the Ádem relations between Steenrod squares.
Luis Caffarelli - is an Argentine-United States mathematician and leader in the field of partial differential equations and their applications.
Alberto Calderón - an Argentine mathematician best known for his work on the theory of partial differential equations and singular integral operators, and widely considered as one of the 20th century's most important mathematicians. He was born in Mendoza, and died in Chicago.
José Echegaray - Born in Madrid, he was a Spanish civil engineer, mathematician, statesman, and the leading Spanish dramatist of the last quarter of the 19th century.
Ruy Luís Gomes - a Portuguese mathematician. He was one of the great intellectual figures during the 20th century in Portugal.
Francisco Javier González-Acuña - (nickname "Fico") is a mathematician in the UNAM's institute of mathematics, specializing in low dimensional topology.
Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz - a Spanish Catholic ecclesiastic and writer. He was a precocious guy, early delving into serious problems in mathematics and even publishing astronomical tables in his tenth year.
Leandro Melendez - is a mathematical physicist born in Mexico. He was the main researcher of the "Novillo" tokamak project.
Júlio César de Mello e Souza - a Brazilian writer, educator, and mathematics professor. He is well known in Brazil and abroad by his books on recreational mathematics, most of them published under the pen names of Malba Tahan and Breno de Alencar Bianco.
Víctor Neumann-Lara - Mexican mathematician, pioneer in the field of graph theory in Mexico. His work also covers general topology, game theory and combinatorics.
Pedro Nunes - a Portuguese mathematician, maybe born from a New Christian (of Jewish origin) family. Considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians of his time, is best known for his contributions in the technical field of navigation, which was crucial to the Portuguese period of discoveries. He was the first to propose the idea of a loxodrome and was also the inventor of several measuring devices, including the nonius, named after his Latin surname.
Jacob Palis - is one of the few Brazilian mathematicians of international recognition. Since 1973 he has held a permanent position as professor at Instituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e Aplicada in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He was director of the same institute from 1993 until 2003.
Manuel Sadosky - an Argentine mathematician, born in Buenos Aires to Jewish Russian immigrants fleeing the pogroms. He is widely considered the father of Computer Science studies in Argentina.
Leonardo Torres y Quevedo - usually Leonardo Torres Quevedo in Spanish-speaking countries, was a Spanish engineer and mathematician of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Famous Black mathematicians
Benjamin Banneker: Born on November 9, 1731, Benjamin Banneker was a Black mathematician, astronomer, clockmaker and publisher. During his guyhood years, he was trained in reading and doing basic arithmetic, by his grandmother and a Quaker schoolmaster. When he was capable of helping his parents in working at their farm, he stopped taking formal education. When Banneker was 21 years of age, he saw Andrew Ellicott's pocket watch. Seeing his keen interest in the watch, Ellicott presented it to Banneker. Banneker started examining the watch and it’s working. He designed huge replicas of the watch by calculating the gear assemblies and made a huge striking clock. This invention of Benjamin Banneker served as an accurate timepiece and he earned recognition as a clockmaker. Banneker contributed to the field of astronomy, by devising calculations to predict solar and lunar eclipses.
He is famous for his puzzles in mathematics and trigonometry. His puzzle, 'Trigonometry' demonstrates his expertise in logarithms. People still wonder which logarithmic table he might have used. He was instrumental in devising a method of finding the lengths of the sides of an equilateral triangle inscribed in a circle, whose diameter is known. His pioneering discoveries that were to bring a positive change to mathematics make evident the genius in him. He died in 1806 but is remembered as one of the famous Black mathematicians.
Kelly Miller: Born on July 23, 1863, Kelly Miller was a mathematician and also a sociologist, newspaper columnist, author and essayist. He graduated from the Howard University in 1886 and was the first black person to be admitted to Johns Hopkins University. He was a law graduate from the Howard School of Law. In 1890, he was hired as a professor at the Howard University. During his service there, he introduced sociology in the curriculum and gave a new dimension to the classical curriculum during his tenure as a dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. His articles and essays were